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Concrete Floor Services in Toronto

Concrete Flooring Services

Concrete Floor Contractors Toronto


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Strong Basements is a reputable concrete contractor specializing in basement concrete floors in Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Ontario. With years of experience in the industry, our team of skilled professionals is well-equipped to handle all your basement flooring needs. We pride ourselves on our reliability and technical expertise, ensuring that every project is completed to the highest standards. Our services are affordable and backed by a comprehensive warranty, giving our customers peace of mind. At Strong Basements, we prioritize customer satisfaction and strive to provide exceptional service that exceeds expectations.
If you’re on the lookout for first-rate concrete flooring services in Toronto, don’t hesitate to contact us. Our seasoned contractors will work alongside you from start to finish, making sure you get the best experience possible. Give us a call today to start your journey toward impeccable concrete floors.

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We don’t just lay concrete, but create a legacy. Our promise is a concrete floor that epitomizes resilience, aesthetics, and unparalleled craftsmanship. Dive deep into our extensive range of concrete floor services designed meticulously for Toronto and GTA homeowners.

Precision begins on paper. Our seasoned concrete experts begin by surveying your property first-hand. We employ advanced tools to capture accurate measurements, conduct soil and foundational tests, and critically assess machinery and equipment access space. After in-depth consultations with homeowners or project managers about preferences and requirements, we draft a thorough, transparent, and customized estimate.

Free Estimate concrete floor replacement in Toronto

Making space for the new often means saying goodbye to the old. Our crew, trained in modern demolition techniques, ensures the safe and systematic removal of any obstructions. Beyond just the visible structures, we also handle more complex demolitions involving foundation walls or windows, especially when accommodating state-of-the-art conveyor systems and concrete chutes.

Construction workers in protective gear demolishing an old concrete floor in a basement in Toronto, as part of a concrete floor replacement process.

A robust concrete floor owes much to what lies beneath. With careful planning, our excavation team dives deep into the subfloor area. We ensure the removal of enough soil to accommodate all necessary floor layers. Each step, from ensuring the safety of adjoining structures to eco-friendly soil disposal, is executed with industry-leading standards in mind.

Construction workers using shovels to excavate a basement area in preparation for a proper concrete floor replacement.

A robust foundation requires impeccable plumbing. Our team of licensed plumbers employs diagnostic tools to inspect the existing underground systems. Taking cues from the future layout and utilities of the basement, they could engage in a range of activities. This spans from repairing existing drains to installing advanced systems like backwater valves or sump pumps, ensuring an efficient and compliant infrastructure with city regulations.

Plumbers working on basement drainage pipe installation and repair as part of the concrete floor replacement process.

Before the final concrete pour, certain structural enhancements might be pivotal. Whether it’s bolstering the foundation with new load posts or replacing older ones, or even introducing new load-bearing beams or substituting dated ones, our team is adept at ensuring your space not only looks good but also adheres to the highest standards of structural integrity.

Licensed contractors installing metal load posts on concrete footings in a basement, essential for the stability of a new concrete floor replacement.

Protect your sanctuary against Toronto’s unpredictable weather. Especially during floor replacements, we emphasize the importance of a waterproofed basement. Leveraging high-quality membranes and stormwater drainage mechanisms, our experts create a fortified barrier against potential water intrusions, giving you peace of mind during every downpour.

Licensed contractors installing weeping tile and an interior membrane on a basement wall, integral to a new concrete flooring system.

Every structure needs a solid base. That’s why our contractors take the time to carefully choose gravel types that perfectly match project specifications. Beyond just sourcing, they employ modern machinery for systematic delivery and meticulous levelling, paving the way for subsequent layers.

Concrete contractors spreading gravel in a basement to create a 5-inch gravel bedding, essential for the foundation of a new concrete flooring system.

In the battle against moisture, a vapour barrier is your steadfast shield. Our dedicated team ensures the seamless application of a 6 mil poly film atop the gravel bed. Special attention is paid to potential weak points, sealing overlaps and joints, thus providing an impermeable layer against unwanted moisture.

Concrete contractors installing a vapor barrier in a basement, an essential part of the new concrete flooring system to prevent moisture penetration.

A basement is more than just a floor—it’s a living space. Ensuring warmth, we advocate for top-of-the-line rigid foam insulation. Beyond just installation, our team analyses the specific thermal needs of your space, taking into account factors like in-floor heating, to ensure optimal energy efficiency and unparalleled comfort.

Concrete contractors laying down floor insulation in a basement, a critical step in the installation of a new concrete flooring system for enhanced thermal efficiency.

Every floor serves a purpose, and its strength must align. Whether it’s the flexible yet sturdy welded wire mesh for standard residential applications or the heavyweight 10mm steel rebar mesh for areas demanding more—like garages—our experts ensure that your floor is fortified to withstand its designated use.

Concrete contractors are seen installing welded metal wire mesh as reinforcement within a concrete slab, a critical measure to enhance strength and prevent moisture penetration for a new flooring system.

The crescendo of our service bouquet is the pouring of the concrete slab. It’s more than just a pour; it’s the manifestation of all the preparation, expertise, and dedication. Our seasoned craftsmen, supported by skilled labour, masterfully lay out the slab, ready to embrace any finish you envision, from the rustic charm of exposed aggregate to the sleek allure of polished concrete.

Licensed contractors are in the process of pouring a 4-inch thick concrete slab with a 32 MPa strength, crucial for the new concrete flooring system in a basement.
Dedicated concrete contractors meticulously pour a 4-inch thick, 32 MPa concrete slab, laying a strong foundation for a durable new basement flooring system.



Navigating the landscape of concrete flooring costs in Toronto requires a nuanced understanding of various influencing factors. Breaking it down by specific areas of application can provide clearer insights:

Service/Feature Basement (per sqft) Garage (per sqft)
Concrete Floor Removal (Demolition & Excavation)
5-inch Subfloor Gravel Bedding
Insulation (2-inch rigid foam)
Concrete Floor Reinforcement
Wire Mesh $2+
Rebar Mesh $8+
Concrete Pouring
Concrete Polishing
  • Concrete Pouring: Starting prices for simply pouring a new concrete floor in a basement hover around $10 per square foot.
  • Subfloor Gravel Bedding: If you’re considering a 5-inch subfloor gravel bedding for your basement, factor in a cost starting from $5 per sqft.
  • Existing Floor Removal: Should there be a need to excavate and remove the current floor to make way for the new gravel bedding and concrete layer, expect an addition of $10+ per sqft. This covers demolition and excavation processes, and the disposal of both soil and concrete.
  • Insulation: Planning to introduce a 2-inch rigid foam insulation layer sandwiched between the gravel bedding and the concrete slab? This will start from $4  per sqft.

A homeowner stands proudly on a newly installed 4-inch concrete floor in the basement, expertly crafted by concrete contractors from Toronto, showcasing satisfaction and quality craftsmanship.

  • Concrete Pouring: Pouring a new 6-inch concrete slab in a garage begins at $15 per square foot.
  • Subfloor Gravel Bedding: Laying a 5-inch subfloor gravel bedding in the garage space will start from $5 per sqft.
  • Existing Floor Removal: If the current garage floor needs to be removed to facilitate the introduction of new gravel bedding and concrete, this involves a higher expense—starting from $20+ per sqft. The price hike, compared to basement excavation, is attributed to the complexities of demolishing a 6-inch concrete slab, especially one reinforced with steel rebars.
  • Reinforcement: Should you opt for added durability with a 10mm steel rebar mesh reinforcement, anticipate a cost starting from $8 per sqft.

A car parked on a newly crafted 6-inch concrete garage floor by Concrete Contractor Toronto, showcasing a sleek and durable finish.

Lastly, the ease of access to the concrete floor area and the selection of materials significantly shape the final costs. As of recent data, the average cost per square foot can vary noticeably based on the project’s complexity, materials used, and specific services required. Moreover, the reputation and expertise of the contracting company play a pivotal role in the pricing dynamics. Customers should be meticulous in assessing these elements when planning their budget.

Concrete Floor Services in Toronto
Entrust us with your dream, and watch us craft it to perfection, brick by brick, layer by layer!



For many homeowners, a concrete floor might just seem like a simple, singular slab. But beneath that unassuming surface lies a multi-layered structure, each component playing a vital role in the durability, functionality, and even the comfort of the floor. As concrete experts, we aim to shed light on each layer, helping you understand the intricacies of what lies beneath your feet.

Starting from the very bottom, the original soil, often referred to as the subgrade, serves as the foundation. The type of soil and its compaction levels can influence the overall strength and longevity of the concrete floor.

A view of the original soil in a basement subfloor, on which the foundation stands and the new concrete floor will be laid, highlighting the natural groundwork before construction.

Water accumulation can be the enemy of any foundation. Hence, weeping tiles or drainage pipes are installed around the interior. Their role? To efficiently collect any water beneath the concrete floor and channel it to a sump pump, preventing potential damage or structural issues.

A drainage pipe installation at the base of foundation footings, alongside a waterproofing membrane applied to basement walls, preparing the area for concrete floor waterproofing.

Above the soil, there’s typically a 5-inch layer of gravel bedding. This layer not only aids in drainage but also provides a level surface for the subsequent layers, ensuring an even concrete slab.

A 5-inch thick layer of gravel bedding spread over the original soil in a basement, providing a sturdy foundation for the upcoming concrete floor installation.

Atop the gravel bedding and weeping tile pipe lies a moisture barrier, typically crafted from a 6mil plastic film. This layer acts as a shield, blocking moisture’s capillary action and preventing it from evaporating through the concrete slab. This step is crucial for basements prone to dampness or where humidity control is vital.

A 6mil poly moisture barrier film being applied over the gravel bedding in a basement, designed to waterproof the upcoming concrete floor installation.

Basement comfort is paramount. Thus, insulation is added on top of the gravel bedding and weeping tile, ensuring minimal heat loss from the basement’s interior to the ground. Conversely, it also acts as a barrier against the cold from the ground entering the basement. This layer becomes even more significant if in-floor heating is in the plans.

2-inch rigid foam insulation sheets placed over the gravel bedding and moisture barrier in a basement, aimed at insulating the soon-to-be-installed concrete floor.

Before the concrete is poured, a reinforcement layer is added. Whether you opt for metal wire mesh or metal rebar mesh, this layer is indispensable. It lends the concrete both strength and flexibility, ensuring it can withstand loads and resist premature cracking.

A metal reinforcement layer, consisting of welded metal wire mesh, is expertly installed over the gravel bedding or the insulation layer in a basement, aimed at reinforcing the strength and durability of the new concrete floor.

For those who relish the luxury of a warm floor beneath their feet during the colder months, in-floor heating systems are installed within the concrete slab. Depending on the choice, this could be electric wires or pipes, seamlessly integrated to radiate warmth upwards.

In-floor heating pipes or heat trace systems installed atop the reinforcement mesh and insulation in a basement, part of a method to heat the space through the concrete floor.

Finally, we arrive at the most visible layer – the concrete slab. Generally poured with a strength of 28mPa or greater, this layer encapsulates all the layers beneath it, providing a solid, durable surface ready for finishing touches, be it polishing, staining, or sealing.

A 4-inch, 32 MPa concrete slab being poured in a basement, marking the final layer in the construction of the basement concrete floor, showcasing the pour's smooth and precise execution.

Understanding the layers of a concrete floor gives one a newfound appreciation for the science and expertise behind it. Each layer, though unseen, plays a pivotal role, ensuring that the concrete floor isn’t just a surface to walk on, but a carefully crafted structure built for longevity, comfort, and efficiency. 

"At Strong Basements, we believe that a solid foundation reflects not just in homes, but in lasting relationships"



Here is our detailed guide on concrete flooring materials, brought to you by the Strong Basements’ concrete floor experts. If you’re seeking in-depth, industry-standard insights, you’re in the right place. Let’s delve into the specifics of the materials and practices that set the standard for excellence in concrete flooring.

Gravel Bedding

A close-up sample of the gravel course used for creating the gravel bedding beneath a concrete floor, showcases the texture and composition of the materials.
Laying the Foundation for Durable and Stable Concrete Floors

Gravel serves as a fundamental component when preparing for concrete flooring installations. It acts as a versatile base, providing both stability and an effective drainage solution. For those keen on understanding the intricacies of gravel’s role, let’s delve into its specific functions, types, and best practices employed by professionals.

The primary role of gravel in a concrete installation is to facilitate effective drainage, prevent direct soil-to-concrete contact, and distribute the load evenly. The spaces between the gravel particles allow water to move away from the concrete, preventing the buildup of moisture which can compromise the concrete’s integrity over time.

Different projects have distinct needs, and choosing the right gravel type is crucial for the longevity and performance of the concrete structure.

  • 1-inch Gravel: This type of gravel offers good compaction and drainage properties. Its larger size ensures that water flows freely, making it ideal for areas prone to high moisture levels.
  • 3/4-inch Gravel: A popular choice for many concrete projects due to its balanced size, ensuring stability while also providing adequate drainage.
  • 1/2-inch and 1/2-inch Pea Gravel: These smaller fractions are often used for decorative purposes, such as in exposed aggregate concrete. Their round and smooth nature makes them less suitable as a primary drainage material but offer a visually appealing finish.
  • Crushed Stone: Unlike the rounded shapes of natural gravel, crushed stone has angular faces that interlock, providing a firmer base. It’s especially useful when high stability is paramount.

The effectiveness of the gravel layer isn’t just about the type of gravel used; it’s also about how it’s installed. Professionals emphasize the importance of ensuring a uniform thickness across the layer, typically between 4 to 6 inches. Compaction is another crucial step; using mechanical compactors, experts ensure the gravel is densely packed to offer a stable base for the concrete.

Over time, the gravel layer’s efficacy can diminish if not maintained. Regular inspections can help identify areas where the gravel may have shifted, leading to uneven distribution. Additionally, ensuring that the drainage properties of the gravel layer remain uncompromised is crucial for the longevity of the concrete structure above.

In sum, gravel isn’t merely a bunch of stones thrown under the concrete. It’s a meticulously chosen and installed layer that dictates the health, stability, and lifespan of the concrete floor. By understanding its role and ensuring its proper implementation, one can significantly enhance the performance of the overall concrete structure.


Essential Moisture Protection Techniques for Concrete Floors

Waterproofing is a critical aspect of concrete floor installations, particularly in areas prone to moisture intrusion like basements. Let’s delve deep into the methodologies, materials, and best practices used by professionals to ensure the longevity and durability of your concrete structure.

Every concrete structure, be it a basement or a foundational slab, is susceptible to water ingress. The capillaries within concrete can absorb water, leading to problems like mould growth, efflorescence, and even structural degradation over time. Waterproofing acts as a barrier, preventing the ingress of moisture and ensuring the durability of the concrete installation.

Different materials offer varying levels of protection, depending on the specific requirements of a project.

  • Waterproofing Membranes: Brands like BAKOR or DELTA-MS have produced dimpled plastic membranes (often called dimple boards) that are affixed to the interior sections of foundation walls and footings. These membranes serve as physical barriers, ensuring water does not make direct contact with the concrete.
  • Weeping Tiles: These are perforated pipes placed around the perimeter of the foundation or beneath the basement floor. Their primary function is to collect and redirect water away from the structure, channelling it to sump pumps or storm drains, ensuring that water doesn’t pool or stagnate around vulnerable areas.
  • Vapour Barriers: Made from materials like 6mil plastic or SuperSix 6mil plastic, these barriers play a pivotal role in preventing water vapour from permeating into the basement. By curbing water evaporation, vapour barriers help in maintaining low moisture levels in the basement, creating a dry and comfortable environment.

Merely having high-quality materials isn’t enough. The correct installation methodology is paramount. For membranes, it’s crucial to ensure that there are no gaps or breaks and that the overlap between sheets is adequately sealed. Similarly, weeping tiles need a proper gradient to facilitate the smooth flow of water, and they must be regularly inspected and cleaned to prevent blockages.

Post-installation, it’s vital to conduct thorough inspections to ascertain the effectiveness of the waterproofing measures. This involves checking for any leaks, ensuring that the drainage systems are functioning optimally, and verifying that the barriers are intact without any breaches.

Concrete floor waterproofing is not just a preventive measure, it’s an essential component that ensures the longevity, safety, and functionality of your concrete floors. By employing the right materials and techniques, and with regular inspections, you can rest assured that your concrete structure will stand the test of time, free from the detrimental effects of unwanted moisture


A sample of 4-inch thick rigid foam insulation intended for use in basement concrete floor insulation, displaying its density and thickness.
A Key Pillar in Energy Conservation and Optimal Thermal Performance

For concrete floors, especially those in living spaces or temperature-sensitive environments, insulation isn’t a mere afterthought—it’s an essential component in the design and installation process. At Strong Basements, we’re well-versed in the nuances of integrating insulation into concrete projects, understanding that it can make the difference between a cold, damp floor and a comfortable, energy-efficient one. Here’s a deeper exploration of our approach to insulation:

This modern insulation material is celebrated for its exceptional thermal resistance and ease of installation. Consisting of closed-cell foam boards, rigid foam prevents heat transfer while also offering a degree of moisture resistance. The specific brand products we often utilize, such as Sopra and Pink Panther, are industry-recognized for their consistent performance.

The R-value is a metric that quantifies the thermal resistance of insulation materials. The higher the R-value, the greater the material’s insulating properties. Our experts will help clients navigate the range—from a 1″ thick insulation sheet boasting an R5 value to the substantial 4″ variant with an impressive R20 value. Especially for heated concrete floors, we typically recommend a minimum insulation sheet of 2″ boasting an R10 value, ensuring optimal heat retention.

A floor is only as insulated as its weakest point. Thermal bridges, or areas where heat can pass through more easily, can compromise the energy efficiency of the entire floor. Our experienced team ensures that insulation is consistently applied, eliminating potential weak spots and guaranteeing an even thermal performance across the entire floor surface.

While the primary function of insulation is thermal control, it also offers secondary advantages. Quality insulation can dampen sound, adding an acoustic barrier to your flooring. Moreover, it can mitigate potential moisture problems, especially in basements or ground-level installations, contributing to a healthier and more comfortable environment.

At Strong Basements, we believe that a well-insulated concrete floor is a cornerstone of modern construction, marrying functionality with environmental responsibility. Through our rigorous approach to insulation, we ensure that our projects not only stand the test of time but also contribute to a sustainable and energy-efficient future.


Samples of welded metal wire mesh designed for reinforcement in basement concrete floors, showcasing the mesh structure and wire thickness.
Fortifying Foundations for Longevity and Resilience

A solid concrete floor isn’t just about the mix; it’s equally about the reinforcement that lies within. This embedded matrix is crucial to combat tensile forces, prevent cracks, and distribute loads, ensuring the slab’s longevity and structural soundness. At Strong Basements, our expertise spans the gamut of reinforcement solutions, tailoring each to the specific demands of the project at hand. Here’s a closer look at our intricate reinforcement process:

Traditionally employed for its robustness, this mesh features interwoven steel wires forming a grid. With cell dimensions typically spanning 6 inches by 6 inches, these 4-foot x 8-foot sheets, crafted from 9-gauge carbon steel wire, are often chosen for residential projects where durability meets economy. The mesh aids in distributing stress and preventing cracks, especially in thinner slabs.

This is the heavyweight champion in concrete reinforcement. The rebar, often constructed from high-strength carbon steel, offers exceptional tensile strength. Its diameter, as well as the spacing in the mesh grid (which can range from 6″ x 6″ to a broader 24″ x 24″), is determined by a structural engineer after considering factors like expected loads, slab thickness, and environmental conditions. From garage floors bearing the weight of heavy vehicles to industrial facilities with significant machinery, steel rebar mesh is the go-to solution for high-load applications. In on-grade concrete floor reinforcement, the diameter of still rebar varies from 10mm to 20mm. The rebar diameter and mesh cell step are determined by the structural engineer based on the concrete floor’s purpose and requirements. 

An innovative alternative to traditional steel, Fiberglass Rebar (often referred to as FRP, GFRP, or Composite Rebar) is increasingly recognized for its corrosion resistance, electromagnetic neutrality, and reduced weight. Especially suited for environments where corrosion poses a significant threat (like in coastal regions or chemical plants), this rebar offers longevity without compromising strength. Its specifications, including diameter and grid spacing, are also carefully assessed by structural engineers to ensure optimal performance.

Diving deep into the science of reinforcement, we at Strong Basements meticulously select and implement the best reinforcement strategy for each project. It’s this dedication to ensuring unparalleled structural integrity that sets our work apart, ensuring that each floor isn’t just beautiful but built to last.

Concrete Mix

A sample of a 4-inch thick concrete slab prepared for a new basement floor installation, demonstrating the slab's uniform thickness and smooth finish.
Crafting the Perfect Blend for Durability and Performance

The backbone of any concrete flooring project lies in the concrete mix design, a meticulously formulated combination that determines not only the strength but also the finish, longevity, and workability of the slab. At Strong Basements, we understand the science and the art behind crafting the ideal mix. Here’s how we achieve perfection:

At the core of the mix is the cementitious binder, an amalgamation of Portland cement, fly ash, slag, or silica fume, meticulously selected based on the specific demands of the project. The ratio of cement to fine aggregate (like sand) is carefully calibrated, dictating the final strength, denoted in mPa. While the average residential flooring application benefits from a balanced 32mPa mix, specialized projects may demand higher strengths or specific binding agents to achieve desired attributes.

This isn’t just about bulking up the mix. The choice of aggregate, whether it’s crushed limestone, granite, basalt, or riverstone, impacts the mix’s rheology, durability, thermal properties, and shrinkage. Additionally, for finishes where the aggregate is exposed, like polished or exposed aggregate floors, the colour and size distribution of the aggregate play a pivotal role in the aesthetic outcome.

Modern concrete isn’t just about cement, sand, and stone. A suite of chemical admixtures can be introduced to tailor the mix’s properties. These can include:

    • Water Reducers to improve workability without compromising strength.
    • Accelerators to hasten set times, especially in colder climates.
    • Retarders to delay the setting, useful in intricate pours or hot conditions.
    • Air-entraining agents that introduce tiny air bubbles, enhancing the freeze-thaw durability of the slab.
    • Pigments that impart a range of colours, broadening the design possibilities.
    • Fibrous Reinforcements like polypropylene or steel fibres, interspersed within the mix, augment its tensile strength and crack resistance.

Drawing from a rich repository of knowledge and hands-on experience, we at Strong Basements ensure that every pour, every slab, is a testament to our commitment to excellence. It’s not just about laying concrete; it’s about laying a foundation for the future.




When the basement’s concrete floor starts to show signs of wear and tear, such as deep cracks, uneven surfaces, or moisture problems, it may be time for a replacement. This can sound like a daunting task, but with careful planning and the right expertise, you can ensure the process is smooth and yields excellent results. Here’s a step-by-step guide to replacing your basement’s concrete floor, ensuring a durable and long-lasting foundation for your home.

Before undertaking a project of this magnitude, it’s essential to consult with a concrete expert. These professionals can assess the current state of your floor, provide recommendations, and give cost estimates. Remember, DIY might be tempting, but when it comes to concrete, the margin for error is slim and can lead to costly mistakes.

When considering the replacement of a concrete floor in the basement, it’s imperative for the homeowner or the assigned concrete contractor to undertake thorough preparations. This encompasses not just the removal of furniture, which could obstruct the workflow or get damaged, but also the dismantling of any interior walls that could impede the process. Clearing out these elements from the basement is not only essential for the smooth operation of the project but also to ensure the safety and integrity of the home’s belongings. 

The old concrete floor will need to be broken up and removed. This is typically done using sledgehammers and jackhammers. Depending on the thickness and the reinforcement of the old floor, this can be labour-intensive and time-consuming. All debris should be adequately disposed of, following local regulations.

For homes requiring deeper basements or adjusting the floor level, excavation might be necessary. This step involves digging out soil to achieve the desired depth. Make sure to maintain the structural integrity of the surrounding walls.

With the floor excavated, now’s the ideal time to address underground plumbing needs or make adjustments. It’s also crucial to consider basement waterproofing solutions like installing weeping tiles or drainage systems, especially in areas prone to moisture problems.

Before pouring the new concrete, a layer of gravel is spread across the excavated floor. This layer facilitates drainage and prevents the upward movement of ground moisture. It’s essential that this layer is even, ensuring a level final surface.

In basements, moisture is a primary concern. Installing a moisture or vapour barrier over the gravel bedding will prevent moisture from seeping through the concrete, protecting against potential damage and mould growth.

To provide additional strength to the concrete, reinforcing bars or mesh are added. This reinforcement ensures that the floor can handle loads and resist cracking over time.

With everything in place, it’s time to pour the concrete. It’s poured in sections, using screeds to level it. The mix’s consistency is crucial, as is ensuring it’s spread evenly. This is where the expertise of a concrete professional is invaluable.

Once the concrete has been poured and starts to set, it’s time to decide on the finish. This could be as simple as smoothing it out for a clean look, or you might opt for decorative finishes like stamping, staining, or polishing. The finish not only impacts the floor’s appearance but can also influence its durability and non-slip properties.


Concrete Floor FAQ

For a concrete floor in a basement, you can step on it 24 hours after the pour. It’s safe to walk on after 72 hours. For framing and renovation, it’s best to wait 28 days after the pour, allowing the concrete slab to achieve full strength. This waiting period ensures the durability and longevity of the flooring, making it a crucial part of the renovation process.

The process of installing a basement concrete floor in Toronto entails several meticulous steps, executed by skilled professionals to ensure a high-quality, durable result. The timeframe for such a project can span anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, primarily depending on the size and complexity of the task at hand. Each project kicks off with a thorough assessment, followed by preparation of the site which includes excavation and levelling, before moving on to the forming, pouring, and finishing of the concrete. The curing period, a crucial phase to achieve desired strength and durability, could extend the project’s timeline further. Various factors like the weather conditions, the accessibility of the site, and the specific requirements of the project, such as any custom finishes or specialized treatments, also play a significant role in determining the project’s duration. Moreover, unforeseen challenges like material shortages or technical issues might introduce delays. It’s vital to maintain a clear line of communication with your contractor to stay updated on the project’s progress and any adjustments to the timeline. Engaging with a reputable, experienced contractor in Toronto can contribute to a smoother process and a well-timed completion, ensuring the structural integrity and aesthetic appeal of your new basement concrete floor1.

Certainly! A basement concrete floor can indeed be tailored to fit your aesthetic desires. Various finishing options like stains, paints, and stamps are available to craft a distinctive appearance for your basement floor. This customization can transform a mundane basement into a captivating space that reflects your style while maintaining the robustness and functionality of a concrete floor1. Each finishing option has its unique attributes, so discussing your preferences with a concrete professional can guide you toward making an informed decision that aligns with your design vision and the functional requirements of your space.

A concrete floor is a suitable choice for basements prone to flooding due to its moisture-resistant nature and ability to withstand water damage. It’s crucial, however, to have an effective drainage system in place to prevent water from seeping through the basement walls, thereby ensuring a dry and durable basement environment1. For a more comprehensive understanding or further assistance regarding concrete flooring in such conditions, consulting a concrete professional in Toronto, Ontario could provide valuable insights tailored to your specific situation.

The costs associated with installing a concrete floor in Toronto encompass a variety of factors, each contributing to the overall expenditure. Initially, the mere act of pouring a new concrete floor in a basement commences at approximately $10 per square foot. However, nuances such as the inclusion of a 5-inch subfloor gravel bedding could add a starting cost of $5 per square foot. In instances where an existing floor requires removal, an added expense starting from $10 per square foot should be factored in, covering the excavation process and disposal of soil and concrete. If insulation is a priority, introducing a 2-inch rigid foam insulation layer between the gravel bedding and the concrete slab initiates at $4 per square foot. The ease of access to the concrete floor area and the choice of materials significantly affect the final costs. The average cost per square foot can fluctuate noticeably based on the project’s complexity, materials chosen, and specific services required. 

Insulating a concrete floor, especially in a basement, is a meticulous process that aims to create a comfortable living space regardless of the harsh weather conditions outside. In Ontario, Canada, the use of top-tier rigid foam insulation is advocated for its superior thermal resistance capabilities. This type of insulation not only provides a barrier to cold ground temperatures but also contributes to the overall energy efficiency of the home, which is a critical aspect considering the energy costs and environmental concerns. Moreover, the insulation process goes beyond merely installing material; it encompasses a thorough analysis of the specific thermal requirements of the space. Factors like in-floor heating systems are taken into account to ensure that the insulation will work in harmony with other elements of the floor and the broader living space. In-floor heating, for instance, can provide a consistent temperature across the room, and when coupled with effective insulation, it significantly enhances the comfort and warmth of the space. 

In Toronto, ON minimum requirement for the basement concrete slab thickness is 3″ inches and reinforced with metal wire mesh. That depends on the concrete slab’s purpose. For example in the garage, the concrete slab should be 6″ inches thick and reinforced with 1/2″ metal rebars.

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